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Bascom Palmer Eye Institute

Glaucoma Risk Factors

Although glaucoma is most common in adults over the age of 40, susceptibility is not determined by age alone. A genetic predispositon of those with a family history of the disease and African-Americans, are at a particularly increased risk. Studies have shown individuals at greater risk for glaucoma may fit one or more of the following criteria:

  • Are over the age of 60.
  • Have a family history of the disease, elevated intraocular pressure.
  • Are African-American over the age of 40.
  • Have diabetes or hypertension.
  • Are nearsighted.

Since early detection is critical to avoiding permanent loss of vision, individuals who possess any of the non-age-related risk factors should have regular examinations by an ophthalmologist every one or two years.

Individuals in the general population should have a glaucoma evaluation every two or three years after the age of 40, and every one or two years after the age of 60.