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Bascom Palmer Eye Institute

Macular Diseases

The macula

The macula is an oval area in the retina on the back of the eye where the photoreceptors are most dense and where the light is focused. The center of the macula is called the fovea. The macula is responsible for the central (or reading) vision. The macula has the greatest concentration of photoreceptor cells, and when the eye is directed at an object, the part of the image that is focused on the fovea is the image most accurately seen.