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Bascom Palmer Eye Institute


Neuro-ophthalmology is an ophthalmic subspecialty that addresses the relationship between the eye and the brain, specifically disorders of the optic nerve, orbit, and brain, associated with visual symptoms. Today, neuro-ophthalmologists provide comprehensive clinical care to a broad spectrum of patients with visual disturbance from optic nerve diseases, central nervous system disorders, ocular motility dysfunction, and pupillary abnormalities.

Common types of neuro-ophthalmic diseases

Numerous disorders are considered to be in the realm of neuro-ophthalmology and are evaluated by the neuro-ophthalmology service. A partial list of the most common neuro-ophthalmic conditions are listed below:

  • optic neuritis
  • ischemic optic neuropathy (including temporal arteritis)
  • compressive optic neuropathy (including pituitary tumors)
  • papilledema (including pseudotumor cerebri)
  • inflammatory and infectious optic neuropathies
  • cerebrovascular disorder involving vision
  • tumors involving vision
  • blephrospasm (including botulinum injections)
  • hemifacial spasm (including botulinum injections)
  • thyroid eye disease
  • myasthenia gravis
  • ocular motor disorders (including cranial nerve palsies)
  • pupillary abnormalities
  • paraneoplastic disorders (including paraneoplastic retinopathies and optic neuropathies)
  • hereditary optic neuropathies

Neuro-Ophthalmology BrochureDownload the brochure to get more information about neuro-ophthalmology at Bascom Palmer Eye Institute.